Entrepreneurial growth in Cleveland over the past decade has been an engine that's drawn aspiring business owners to the city. During that same time, the city also underwent a nearly 14 percent growth in our Hispanic population. As we look to foster a city that welcomes the nation’s growing number of Latino residents, entrepreneurial opportunities remain an area with room for improvement.
With the majority of all startups already facing a five year survival rate that hovers at less than a mere 10 percent, Hispanic business owners face added challenges in an already grueling marketplace. These additional challenges include garnering access to financial resources, gaining the self-confidence to launch a business, and trying to reach a diverse audience while retaining their ethnic identities.
Jenice Contreras, Executive Director of the Northeast Ohio Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
and Hispanic Business Center
, says that while Cleveland is making great strides in nurturing entrepreneurship, many business owners feel pressured to rebuke certain ethnic stereotypes by shedding traditional names and imagery.
“Oftentimes they’re torn between embracing the authenticity of their culture but also not boxing themselves into categories,” she explains.
In 2007, the most recent year for which Census Bureau statistics are available, 2.1 percent of the businesses in the City of Cleveland were Hispanic-owned.
However, mixing and mingling opportunities with Young Latino Network
and Vocero Latino
, for example, are encouraging professionals to discover other minority-owned businesses within the community. These organizations aimed at bolstering advancement for ambitious Hispanic professionals have stepped up to offer guidance, education, and connections.
caught up with four Hispanic business owners who are breaking out and paving the way for a new wave of leaders.
Jose Vasquez of Quez Media Marketing
Jose Vasquez, Quéz Media Marketing
Business has long been in Jose Vasquez’s blood. Faced with the buyout of the software company that had led him to move to Cleveland, it was only a matter of time before Vasquez started a venture of his own.
“I had two choices: I could go back to New York where all of my family was or I could stay here,” says Vasquez. “For me, I could never go back. In New York, you get lost. You’re just a number.”
In 2008, he launched Quéz Media Marketing
, a full service digital advertising and branding agency that caters to clients throughout the region. To date, Quéz has notably worked on marketing materials for Cox Communications, Nestle and Energy Choice Ohio.
By way of personal and angel investments, the company has grown to 22 employees, including a satellite office in São Paulo, Brazil. The earliest backers, Vasquez notes, were actually Irish.
“It speaks to what’s possible in the Hispanic community that I was able to connect with investors from a different
community who were able to see the value of what we were trying to do and supported me every step of the way,” he says.
Vasquez has taken to opening doors for more entrepreneurs. He continues to serve on the board of the Hispanic Business Center, where he has spent three of his seven years as board chair. During that time, Vasquez developed the small business fundamentals training materials that are now used to coach new businesses and teaches the marketing portion of the six week class.
He cites the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, JumpStart
, and Council of Small Enterprises (COSE
) as other invaluable and far underutilized resources that helped push him further.
“A lot of individuals don’t know what’s available to leverage. Some of that, I think in Hispanic culture in particular, stems from trying to stay within one’s own culture instead of being more inclusive,” Vasquez remarks. “It’s a matter of getting out there and getting connected and that’s not always easy.”
Last June, he helped to found the Cleveland branch of the national 1 Million Cups program
, a weekly event in which business owners deliver presentations on their work followed by a Q&A session that allows them the chance to offer advice to others.
“For me, it’s always been about growing businesses and helping others. You can label me an entrepreneur, but the more people I can help along the way, the more it helps me grow myself.”
Leticia Ortiz of Tortilleria La Bamba
Leticia Ortiz, Tortilleria La Bamba
In 2010, Tortilleria La Bamba
was launched with a two line-machine making fresh corn tortillas in an inconspicuous factory behind the West Side Market. Today, those two-line machines have had to be upsized to four-line machines and Tortilleria La Bamba’s business is growing as fast as its tortilla production.
Bamba was founded by Leticia Ortiz, who was born in Mexico and moved to Cleveland in 2000, and her husband, Jose Andrade. Cleveland’s lack of a local purveyor for the dining staple carved out a niche for the couple, who wanted to bring business home for a product that once had to be procured out of state.
But to get the word out, Ortiz’s networking within the Hispanic community was what really kickstarted her business.
“I had to go and visit the first restaurants and bring each one samples,” says Ortiz. “Eventually people just started calling us. As more restaurants started opening they would connect us.”
Between Ortiz’s feet-to-the-pavement marketing and faithful word-of-mouth endorsement, the company has become a go-to source for restaurants such as the West Side Market’s Orale!, Don Tequila, Nuevo Acapulco, and El Jalapenos, among many others.
As business continues to expand, Bamba’s next move is to add flour tortillas to their repertoire with the assistance of a small business loan. To do so, they’ll have to expand both equipment and employees this spring.
“We’re trying to do our part by creating jobs, that’s why we’re adding another product. You want to be productive in your community,” she adds.
Her organic, grassroots approach to building business has been successful, but she longs for a more central marketplace to find Hispanic-made products, a model that she’s seen successfully duplicated in many big cities.
It’s a sentiment long shared by the nonprofit Hispanic Alliance Inc.
, which is spearheading a proposal to turn the densely Hispanic Clark-Fulton neighborhood into a destination for Latino goods and services. The project, La Villa Hispana, brought together CDCs and various organizations in March 2013 to draft plans for what they hope will bring new ventures that incorporate Latino elements into their business plans.
“We need to have a Spanish business district where we can have a place for different ethnicities to come and get to know our culture and buy our products. We believe we can do everything more local instead of bringing in products from out of state. Let’s do it here.”
Ivan Gomez, Vocero Latino
Ivan Gomez, Vocero Latino
For Ivan Gomez, the key to growing the Hispanic business community is offering entrepreneurs a megaphone. When he left Chicago for Cleveland with a decade of journalism experience, he saw a need for a Latino-based news source in his new city. By founding his own media company in 2008, Vocero Latino, Gomez began giving Hispanics a platform to push conversations forward and create deeper connections in the process.
Gomez says he was struck by how many calls he began receiving from Hispanic-owned businesses he never knew existed. It echoes the struggle to increase visibility that he says many of the entrepreneurs face in Cleveland.
“When I moved here, I saw Latinos wanting to reach out to other Latinos and realized this was a good opportunity,” Gomez says.
The outlet has now amassed a social media following in the thousands for its localized news. Stories bring to light trailblazers such as Jasmin Santana, a Cleveland native who spearheaded a breast cancer education and early-detection program at MetroHealth that provides care for uninsured minority women. Vocero also covers rising organizations devoted to growing Hispanic opportunities and political events such as The Hispanic Roundtable Candidates and Issues Forum.
Gomez continues to extend much further than reporting to empower the Hispanic community. Last August, Vocero hosted a networking event that brought together more than 100 professionals. He says his next step is to host an international mixer.
“Being in the media, many of my contacts are Hispanic business owners but they don’t know each other,” he says of his work with Vocero. “We decided to connect them and help them grow through relationships.”
Through Vocero, Gomez’s goal is to to coax growth by bringing attention to existing businesses that may not be identified as minority-owned. Gomez explains that while hurdles do face Hispanic entrepreneurs, their growth in Cleveland is often underestimated because consumers expect to see traditional symbols, such as names, attached to a business. By telling their stories, Gomez hopes to change the narrative.
“Sometimes consumers expect to see a Latino name. That’s when they make assumptions we’re small in entrepreneurship. There’s so much more than many people think.”
Daisun Santana, CityBreaks Cleveland
Backspins and floorflips paved the way for Daisun Santana to become an international ambassador of Cleveland. Under his b-boy name BzBroox, 26-year-old Santana grew his love of breakdancing in high school into three world championship titles, NBA performances, and a role in the Nickelodeon film Fun Size
. But in his hometown, he takes on a different role: teacher.
, his west side studio, youth pop and lock on the floors surrounded by graffiti-filled walls. This was never part of his plan.
Santana, who grew up with no place for himself and his fellow breakers to practice, hadn’t considered opening his own space, especially in the Clark-Fulton neighborhood where many small businesses struggle to stay afloat. After tagging along for a visit to a then-vacant building with his brother, who was looking to possibly buy the location himself, he pooled his money earned from performing and made education his new goal.
“The challenge is to make this a place where there’s something happening,” says Santana. And much like dance itself, he adds, “Making something out of nothing is always the big idea. The Latino community needs more entrepreneurs as role models so they can push other Latinos.”
Santana didn’t have to look further than his brothers for his own inspiration. Both built their own successful businesses, Santana’s Barbershop and Santana Photography. Traveling the world only fueled Santana’s desire to invest more in his own home in the same way as his family.
“If I’m a young kid who was dancing on the same streets of this same neighborhood and I decided to open a business here, it could possibly inspire other people to believe in their own neighborhoods,” he explains. “Sometimes you have the dream of leaving to live somewhere ‘better’, but why not take what resources you’ve gained through your own experiences and plug them back into your own community? How can you not start a business when a regular kid started a business about breakdancing?”
For Santana, using the art of dance as a tool to spark conversations makes the challenges all worthwhile.
“Hip-hop and breaking is so cultural and so is the Latino community. They come from a place with their own traditions, foods, and style of dress. This is all about people feeling free to express themselves and the people who are watching being able to accept it even though it’s different,” Santana explains. “All of this information being shared with people who are from different places and have different ideas becomes a melting pop of ideas and cultures.”